Plastic Surgery Through the Ages

Plаѕtіс ѕurgеrу has become massively popular wіth tеlеvіѕіоn ѕhоwѕ аnd celebrities gеttіng improvements rіght аnd lеft. Yоu mіght bе wоndеrіng about plastic surgery, ѕресіfісаllу whеrе it саmе from.

Plаѕtіс Surgеrу Through thе Agеѕ

Tо ѕtаrt оff, plastic ѕurgеrу іѕ term uѕеd tо dеѕсrіbе a surgical рrосеdurе to mоdіfу a normal part of your bоdу fоr аn аеѕthеtіс рurроѕе. Breast augmentation іѕ аlmоѕt аlwауѕ a voluntary ѕurgеrу аnd should nоt bе соnfuѕеd wіth rесоnѕtruсtіvе ѕurgеrу which іѕ usually undеrtаkеn tо fіx an аbnоrmаl part оf thе bоdу caused bу dіѕеаѕе, trаumа аnd so оn.

Thе tеrm рlаѕtіс ѕurgеrу hаѕ nоthіng tо dо wіth thе material known аѕ plastic. Instead, іt dеrіvеѕ frоm thе Grееk lаnguаgе, muсh аѕ many mоdеrn mеdісаl terms dо. Plаѕtіkоѕ mеаnѕ to mоld оr ѕhаре ѕоmеthіng in Grееk, whісh rоughlу trаnѕlаtеѕ plastic ѕurgеrу аѕ mеаnіng a molding surgery. If you thіnk about it, this іѕ a very еxасt terminology ѕіnсе іt іѕ еxасtlу whаt hарреnѕ.

Plastic ѕurgеrу іѕ, tо thе ѕurрrіѕе of many, nоt a modern mеdісаl procedure. Whіlе tесhnіԛuеѕ are certainly аdvаnсеd thеѕе dауѕ, the bаѕіс surgical рrеmіѕе іѕ knоwn tо hаvе existed since thе еіght сеnturу BC. Susrutha, an Indіаn surgeon, wаѕ knоwn tо undеrtаkе skin grafts durіng this реrіоd. He was аlѕо known to dо nоѕе reconstruction, which mау ѕоund оdd untіl уоu realize nose amputation wаѕ a соmmоn penalty fоr сеrtаіn crimes durіng thаt period. Ouсh!

Aѕ seems tо bе thе case wіth аnу dіѕсuѕѕіоn оf the ancient раѕt, the Romans аlѕо mаdе аdvаnсеѕ іn plastic ѕurgеrу. Thеу wеrе known tо реrfоrm plastic ѕurgеrу tо repair defects оf thе ear, or аt least perceived defects.

Thrоughоut thе сеnturіеѕ, plastic ѕurgеrу еxіѕtеd but was lеѕѕ соmmоn. It wаѕ nоt until thе last twо сеnturіеѕ thаt it started tо gаіn in both рорulаrіtу and оссurrеnсе. John P. Mettauer іѕ gеnеrаllу соnѕіdеrеd the fіrѕt рlаѕtіс ѕurgеоn in the Unіtеd States, аnd рrасtісеd іn thе 1820 tо 1840ѕ. Hе wаѕ rеnоwnеd fоr dеѕіgnіng his оwn іnѕtrumеntѕ, many whісh fоrm the bаѕіѕ оf mоdеrn ѕurgісаl instruments associated wіth рlаѕtіс ѕurgеrу.

Althоugh plastic surgery has аlwауѕ hаd a рlасе іn the mеdісаl рrоfеѕѕіоn, іtѕ роѕіtіоn аѕ a рорulаr procedure іѕ rеlаtіvеlу recent.



A Woman’s Guide to Removing Facial Hair

facial hairMany women experience unwanted facial hair and wish to have it removed.  It can be due to genetics, age, medication or many women just want it removed for cosmetic reasons, like eyebrow hair.  Women experience growth of unwanted facial hair during certain times of their life, such as puberty, pregnancy, and menopause.  Regardless, there is a large population of women who want a safe, long lasting, and effective way to remove facial hair.

One way to remove facial hair is through shaving.  Although the old wives tale that this will cause the hair it grow back thicker and faster is not true, many woman feel this is too masculine a way to remove facial hair.  Plus, it only eliminates the problem for a short amount of time and may irritate sensitive skin.

One of the most common ways for women to remove facial hair is by plucking.  They are probably already familiar with this due to plucking their eyebrows with a process.  If they see a darker hair on their lip or chin, it is easy enough to pluck out.  Plucking the hair removes it longer than shaving, but is still not the permanent solution for which many women are looking.  Waxing is similar to plucking, but it can be more painful and is more likely to irritate sensitive skin.  The same is true for creams that remove hair plus many of them have a bad smell.  There is a skin cream called Vaniqa that decreases facial hair growth, but it is also only temporary and requires a prescription from a doctor.

You can purchase epilators with tweezers at most beauty stores, but the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has stated that that is no statistically significant data to prove that tweezer epilators provide permanent hair removal.  It may for some, and not for others.  One factor may be the coarseness of your hair.

If you are looking for a method to remove facial hair permanently, try electrolysis.  Electrolysis is the process by which facial hair is removed using electrical currents.  A trained professional, often referred to as an electrologist or electrolysist, must perform this procedure.  They take a metal probe and insert it into an individual hair follicle.  The electrical current is then delivered to the follicle, destroying it.  One the procedure is complete; the hair is removed with sterile forceps. Each hair follicle must be treated individually.  The discomfort of this process varies among clients. Some have reported feeling a slight pinprick and some have reported a more painful feeling.  As with many medical procedures, there is a chance of scarring, although it is minimal if you are using a well-trained electrologist.  But, immediately after a hair follicle is treated, there may be a small, red lesion, much like an insect bite for a short time.

While electrolysis will permanently remove the hair, it may not be instantaneous.  You may have to have several electrolysis treatments to the same hair follicle before the hair is completely removed.  This is because your hair cells grow in cycles and electrolysis only works if the hair is in its growth phase.  Many electrologists charge by the amount of time it takes to remove the hair.  Ten minutes runs about $18 and 30 minutes costs about $34.

Another form of permanent facial hair removal is laser treatments.  This is a new technology, only being offered commercially since the mid 1990s.  This may also be referred to as phototricholysis or photoepilation.  Like electrolysis, this may require several treatments before the hair is removed permanently.  The laser light also feels like a pinprick to most patients.  However, the laser treatments will not work on blonde, red, or white hairs.  It will however work on areas that electrolysis will not, such as the ears and nose.  Laser hair treatments for the upper lip normally run about $50 per session as does the chin treatments.  If you have facial hair on your cheeks, those treatments are a little more expensive – around $75 per treatment.

If you decide to do electrolysis or laser treatments for your unwanted facial hair, you should always talk to your doctor first about any pre-existing conditions you might have that would make you an unlikely candidate for these treatments.

There is no need to be ashamed of having your unwanted facial hair treated.  Do some research on the Internet to find the best way for you to have the hair removed.  There is no doubt it will make you feel better about yourself.

Liposuction For The Reduction of Breasts

breast-reduction-surgery2While people tend to focus on breast implants, breast reduction is a very common procedure for both men and women. Few people realize there may be a liposuction element.

Liposuction For The Reduction of Breasts

There are many cosmetic procedures that can be done regarding a woman’s breast size. Many women opt for implants, feeling that their breasts are too small. Others want a breast lift, where the breasts are operated on, tissue is removed and muscles are “lifted”, so that the breast has a younger and perkier appearance. Finally, some women need to have breast reduction because they feel that the size of their breasts is too large.

Traditional breast reduction requires a doctor to make large incisions, or cuts, underneath the breast and then remove fatty tissue. Many women who need breast reductions do not want to have to deal with the large scars and long recovery time. If you fall into this category, you should be aware that reduction by liposuction is an option.

Liposuction, of any area, requires only small cuts in the skin to insert the tubing and other equipment needed to vacuum out the relevant fatty cells. In breast reduction, a small cut is made in the crease of the breast. It is so small that it is very difficult to see with the naked eye. The plastic surgeon then will remove fatty material in the breasts to obtain the desired result. You might be surprised to learn that very large quantities of breast tissue, up to 1000 cc of fluid, can be removed in many cases. This equates to over two and a half bra cup sizes. This removal of tissue also allows the “breast envelope” to contract, which makes the breasts elevate. The result is a perkier look and a rise in the breasts of up to two inches.

There are many advantages to having reduction by liposuction. If you are a younger patient, having your breast size reduced in this way allows you to retain the ability to breast feed later on as the milk ducts are not damaged. The recovery time from liposuction is shorter than that from traditional breast reduction. Additionally, there will be less scarring and potentially fewer side effects such as swelling and pain because this method is less invasive. Also, since less damage will be done to the nerves in the breast area, you may retain better sensation in the breast.


Are you ready For Lasik Eye Surgery

Is Lasik in your future?

laser-eyeMillions of Americans turn to Lasik Surgery when their vision is less than perfect and they’re tired of being tied down to wearing glasses or contacts. What part of the eye is it that may be causing all your vision trouble? Your cornea! When the shape of your cornea is irregular, the image on your retina is blurry and out-of-focus. The cornea is a part of your eye that works to focus light and projects an image on the retina. This focusing of light is called refraction. The 3 main types of refractive errors are myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness) and astigmatism. If you are nearsighted, you have trouble seeing distant objects. If you are farsighted, you have trouble seeing things close up.  Astigmatism is caused by irregularities in the surface of the cornea or lens and causes the image on the retina to be distorted. It’s not uncommon for a person to have a combination of all 3 refractive errors, myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. Before Lasik Surgery, glasses and contact lenses were the main ways to compensate for your eye’s imperfections.

What exactly is Lasik?

Lasik stands for Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis. Keratomileusis is the carving of the cornea in order to reshape it. As the laser reshapes the cornea, it changes the angle at which you see images and therefore strengthens your vision significantly. This reshaping adjusts and strengthens the power of your cornea to focus on objects near and far. If you are nearsighted, your doctor uses the laser to flatten your cornea that is too-steep. If you are farsighted, your doctor uses the laser to make your cornea steeper because it is too flat. For astigmatism, the laser can be used to smooth an irregular cornea into a more smooth shape. There are few other procedures like Lasik Eye Surgery that can give you these amazing results and permanently change the shape of your cornea in just minutes.

OK, I’m convinced, now what?

Start by talking to family, friends and co-workers. Who do you know that has had Lasik Surgery? Did they have a good outcome? How long were they out of work? How much did they pay? Did they have to pay the total price prior to the surgery? Would they recommend their surgeon to you? Then armed with this information, begin researching what surgeon you would like to schedule an initial consultation with. Ask lots of questions and keep a notebook of all the details that you learn. You’ve taken your first step toward better vision with Lasik Surgery!